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[aws] AWS CLI를 사용하여 AMI 찾기

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AWS CLI를 사용하여 AMI 찾기(Amazon EC2 AMI 찾기)

Amazon EC2의 AWS CLI 명령을 사용하여 필요에 맞는Linux AMI만 나열할 수 있습니다

aws ec2 describe-images --owners self amazon
aws ec2 --profile terraform --region us-east-1 describe-images --owners self amazon --filters "Name=owner-id,Values=137112412989" "Name=name,Values=amzn2-ami-kernel-*" "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs" --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]"
$ aws ec2 --profile terraform --region us-east-1 \
> describe-images --owners self amazon \
> --filters "Name=owner-id,Values=137112412989" \
> "Name=name,Values=amzn2-ami-kernel-*" \
> "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" \
> "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs" \
> --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]"
[
    [
        "2021-07-07T06:47:18.000Z", 
        "amzn2-ami-kernel-5.10-hvm-2.0.20210701.0-x86_64-ebs", 
        "ami-0995d03909540c08a"
    ], 
    [
        "2021-07-07T06:50:59.000Z", 
        "amzn2-ami-kernel-5.10-hvm-2.0.20210701.0-x86_64-gp2", 
        "ami-06ae2c7d9589ff619"
    ], 
    [
        "2021-07-27T06:19:16.000Z", 
        "amzn2-ami-kernel-5.10-hvm-2.0.20210721.2-x86_64-ebs", 
        "ami-04dae3806d64816cb"
    ], 
    [
        "2021-07-27T06:22:56.000Z", 
        "amzn2-ami-kernel-5.10-hvm-2.0.20210721.2-x86_64-gp2", 
        "ami-0a400300cff0c4af7"
    ], 
    [
        "2021-08-25T07:05:12.000Z", 
        "amzn2-ami-kernel-5.10-hvm-2.0.20210813.1-x86_64-ebs", 
        "ami-0eecf28412138ed1f"
    ], 
    [
        "2021-08-25T07:09:22.000Z", 
        "amzn2-ami-kernel-5.10-hvm-2.0.20210813.1-x86_64-gp2", 
        "ami-04a34e118b6354071"
    ], 
    [
        "2021-10-05T18:26:27.000Z", 
        "amzn2-ami-kernel-5.10-hvm-2.0.20211001.1-x86_64-ebs", 
        "ami-0829b69610d7b53b6"
    ], 
    [
        "2021-10-05T18:33:06.000Z", 
        "amzn2-ami-kernel-5.10-hvm-2.0.20211001.1-x86_64-gp2", 
        "ami-0331cc1e9ee0e02f5"
    ]
]

https://docs.aws.amazon.com/ko_kr/AWSEC2/latest/UserGuide/finding-an-ami.html

https://docs.aws.amazon.com/zh_tw/cli/latest/reference/ec2/describe-images.html

버지니아(us-east-1) Amazon Linux 2 AMI (HVM), SSD Volume Type 이미지

aws ec2 describe-images --region us-east-1 --image-id ami-02e136e904f3da870
$ aws ec2 describe-images --region us-east-1 --image-id ami-02e136e904f3da870
{
    "Images": [
        {
            "VirtualizationType": "hvm", 
            "Description": "Amazon Linux 2 AMI 2.0.20211001.1 x86_64 HVM gp2", 
            "PlatformDetails": "Linux/UNIX", 
            "EnaSupport": true, 
            "Hypervisor": "xen", 
            "ImageOwnerAlias": "amazon", 
            "State": "available", 
            "SriovNetSupport": "simple", 
            "ImageId": "ami-02e136e904f3da870", 
            "UsageOperation": "RunInstances", 
            "BlockDeviceMappings": [
                {
                    "DeviceName": "/dev/xvda", 
                    "Ebs": {
                        "SnapshotId": "snap-0a4c045433cade1b2", 
                        "DeleteOnTermination": true, 
                        "VolumeType": "gp2", 
                        "VolumeSize": 8, 
                        "Encrypted": false
                    }
                }
            ], 
            "Architecture": "x86_64", 
            "ImageLocation": "amazon/amzn2-ami-hvm-2.0.20211001.1-x86_64-gp2", 
            "RootDeviceType": "ebs", 
            "OwnerId": "137112412989", 
            "RootDeviceName": "/dev/xvda", 
            "CreationDate": "2021-10-05T18:18:39.000Z", 
            "Public": true, 
            "ImageType": "machine", 
            "Name": "amzn2-ami-hvm-2.0.20211001.1-x86_64-gp2"
        }
    ]
}
aws ec2 describe-images --region us-east-1 --image-id ami-02e136e904f3da870 --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]"
$ aws ec2 describe-images --region us-east-1 --image-id ami-02e136e904f3da870 \
--query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]"
[
    [
        "2021-10-05T18:18:39.000Z", 
        "amzn2-ami-hvm-2.0.20211001.1-x86_64-gp2", 
        "ami-02e136e904f3da870"
    ]
]

공식 계정(official accounts)

- amazon : 137112412989
- centos : 125523088429
- ubuntu :  099720109477
- debian9 : 379101102735
- debian10 : 136693071363
- debian11 : 136693071363
- redhat : 309956199498

Amazon EC2 AMI

amzn2(137112412989)

aws ec2 --profile terraform --region ap-northeast-2 describe-images --owners self amazon --filters "Name=owner-id,Values=137112412989" "Name=name,Values=amzn2-ami-hvm-2.0.*-x86_64-*" "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs" --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]" --output table

ubuntu-18.04(bionic/099720109477)

aws --profile terraform ec2 describe-images --owners 099720109477 --filters "Name=owner-id,Values=099720109477" "Name=name,Values=ubuntu/images/hvm-ssd/ubuntu-bionic-18.04-amd64-server-*" "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs" --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]" --output table

ubuntu-20.04(focal/099720109477)

aws --profile terraform ec2 describe-images --owners 099720109477 --filters "Name=owner-id,Values=099720109477" "Name=name,Values=ubuntu/images/hvm-ssd/ubuntu-focal-20.04-amd64-server-*" "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs" --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]" --output table

ubuntu-22.04(jammy/099720109477)

aws --profile terraform ec2 describe-images --owners 099720109477 --filters "Name=owner-id,Values=099720109477" "Name=name,Values=ubuntu/images/hvm-ssd/ubuntu-jammy-22.04-amd64-server-*" "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs" --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]" --output table

CentOS(125523088429)

aws --profile terraform ec2 describe-images --owners 125523088429 --filters "Name=owner-id,Values=125523088429" "Name=name,Values=CentOS*" "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs" --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]" --output table

Fedora-Cloud(125523088429)

aws --profile terraform ec2 describe-images --owners 125523088429 --filters "Name=owner-id,Values=125523088429" "Name=name,Values=Fedora-Cloud-Base-*-hvm-*" "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs" --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]" --output table

RHEL(309956199498)

aws --profile terraform ec2 describe-images --owners 309956199498 --filters "Name=owner-id,Values=309956199498" "Name=name,Values=RHEL-*_HVM_*-x86_64-*-GP2" "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs" --query "sort_by(Images, &CreationDate)[*].[CreationDate,Name,ImageId]" --output table

 

참고URL

- https://sangchul.kr/401

- https://wiki.centos.org/Cloud/AWS

- https://cloud-images.ubuntu.com/locator/ec2/

- https://access.redhat.com/solutions/15356

 

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